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HITTITE CIVILIZATION



OLD HITTITE KINGDOM PERIOD
1650/1600--1400/1350 BC

      Unfortunately very little is known about the origins of the HITTITES. They immigrated in to Central Anatolia via the Caucasus sometime during the second half of the 3rd. millennium BC and their language belongs to the Indo-Europan family.
    To ascribe any date of their arrive is difficult,particularly because there is evidence neither of violent invasion nor of massive population shift.They must have moved in to Anatolia little by little,in small groups that mingled to some extent with the autochthonous Hattian population.Other Indian-Europans were also drifting into Anatolia at around this time.
     The Hittites retained the name Hatti as the designation for their land. Their language, however, they called Neshian after the town of l{anish/Nesha, mentioned above. The first king in Hattusha/Boğazkoy came - like Anitta - from I(ushar, a city still awaiting rediscovery. Nonetheless he took the name of Hattushili, or "one from Hattusha." During his reign cuneiform writing was introduced once again; it had fallen out of use with the breakdown of the Assyrian trade network. Writing developed into a tradition, leaving behind a veritable information bank in the archives of clay tablets; these include official Hittite correspondence and contracts, as well as legal codes, procedures for cult ceremony, oracular prophecies and literature of the ancient Near East.


The Old Period of Hittite Empire
The Great period of The Hattusas
The End of The Hattusas
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